Claudio Koller ยท 3/8/2023

How is the Price of Bitcoin created?

The Bitcoin price, like all other goods and services, is created by supply and demand. Since Bitcoin is a decentralized digital money, there is no central bank or other higher authority that can set a fixed exchange rate.

Supply and Demand

The free market decides the price over a good or service. If there is a higher demand for Bitcoin than the current supply, the price will rise.

However, if the supply exceeds the demand in the market, then the price decreases until the supply and demand are in balance again.

Pricing in the Free Market

A seller asks for as much as possible, and at the same time a buyer wants to pay as little as possible for it. So one negotiates and finds a compromise in the interface. This compromise results in the current market price.

Bitcoin Supply and Demand

The supply of Bitcoin is limited to 21 million Bitcoin by the underlying protocol. This limited supply, along with the increasing demand for Bitcoin, can drive up the price.

> Learn more why Bitcoin is limited to 21 Million Units of Currency.

The more people adopt Bitcoin and the more businesses accept Bitcoin as a means of payment and store of value, the greater the demand for Bitcoin will become.

Market sentiment in the Financial Market

With supply and demand, market sentiment in the financial market is an important factor that can affect the bitcoin price. If the sentiment among investors and the public is positive towards Bitcoin, this can lead to higher prices. On the other hand, negative news or regulatory actions that affect the perceived value of Bitcoin can cause the price to decline.


In conclusion, the price of Bitcoin, like all other goods and services, is determined by supply and demand. However, supply and demand can be very complex.

Among them, various factors play a role, such as acceptance as well as adoption in society and the financial industry, market sentiment of participants or geopolitical events.

These or other economic factors can all have an impact on the price of Bitcoin, which can lead to higher fluctuations in the short term.

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